Lesson 2B – From M2M to IoT

This lesson explains how machine-to-machine (M2M) communications, which have been critical for ICS performance for decades, lay the groundwork for the Internet of Things (IoT).

Learning Objectives
  • Define M2M
  • Describe the relationship between M2M and ICS
  • Explain the concept of convergence and how it has influenced the transition from M2M to IoT
  • Compare and contrast M2M and IoT
  • Describe technological innovations that are making IoT possible
Lesson 2B – From M2M to IoT Lesson Plan

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* NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework KSAs Addressed
  • K0309: Knowledge of emerging technologies that have potential for exploitation by adversaries.
  • K0335: Knowledge of current and emerging cyber technologies.
  • K0437: Knowledge of general SCADA system components.
  • K0612: Knowledge of what constitutes a “threat” to a network.
  • S0034: Skill in discerning the protection needs (i.e., security controls) of information systems and networks.
  • S0278: Skill in tailoring analysis to the necessary levels (e.g., classification and organizational).

* Most courseware content maps to NIST NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework (NCWF) Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) and/or NSA/DHS CAE Knowledge Units (KUs). For more information on KSAs and KUs, please visit:

KSAs: http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/SpecialPublications/NIST.SP.800-181.pdf

KUs: https://www.iad.gov/NIETP/documents/Requirements/CAE-CD_2019_Knowledge_Units.pdf