Laboratory Exercise: Cyber Basics - Linux Applications and other tools

In this exercise, we will explore some various tools in the Linux operating system. Though Kali Linux comes preloaded with many tools for security practice, it is like all other operating systems with web browser applications and text editors. These tools, however, can serve every security personnel in some administrative way.

Faculty Instructions

Resources required

This exercise requires a VirtualBox Kali Linux Virtual Machine running on a computer (laptop) or a Kali Linux VM running in the Virginia Cyber Range.

If you are using the Virginia Cyber Range Kali Linux VM, this lab exercise requires an account on The Range.  To sign up for an account on The Range, please visit our Sign-Up page.  Your students will also require an account on the Virginia Cyber Range; this will be explained in the setup of your course.

Virtual Environment: This exercise uses a single Kali Linux virtual machine.

Linux Applications Lab Handout

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* NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework KSAs Addressed
  • K0129: Knowledge of Unix command line (e.g., mkdir, mv, ls, passwd, grep).
  • K0246: Knowledge of relevant concepts, procedures, software, equipment, and technology applications.
  • K0271: Knowledge of operating system structures and internals (e.g., process management, directory structure, installed applications).
  • K0608: Knowledge of Unix/Linux and Windows operating systems structures and internals (e.g., process management, directory structure, installed applications).
* NSA/DHS Center of Excellence (CAE) KUs Addressed
  • Linux System Administration (LSA)

* Most courseware content maps to NIST NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework (NCWF) Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) and/or NSA/DHS CAE Knowledge Units (KUs). For more information on KSAs and KUs, please visit:

KSAs: http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/SpecialPublications/NIST.SP.800-181.pdf

KUs: https://www.iad.gov/NIETP/documents/Requirements/CAE-CD_2019_Knowledge_Units.pdf